Where Is Marijuana Legal?

By WeedWeek Oct 28, 2020
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Marijuana can be a divisive topic, depending who you ask, and where you are. Despite being a cherished drug used by people for thousands of years, cannabis is subject to many harsh criminal laws in many countries throughout the world. But where is marijuana legal? 

To help you navigate the often-confusing world of weed laws, we’ve assembled a list of marijuana laws across 22 countries and all 50 U.S. states, for both recreational and medical uses. 

Where is Marijuana Legal?

In many places around the world, cannabis is illegal to grow, posess, sell, and consume. Laws related to cannabis can range from clear-cut to confusing, and they can change at any time. Few countries have entirely legalized marijuana (but you might like to plan trips to Canada and Uruguay sometime soon!). 

This article contains lists of cannabis laws for the United States and other countries worldwide, and was last updated 10/25/2020.  

Where is Marijuana Legal in the United States? 

When it comes to marijuana laws, the United States is espeically convoluted. While many states have entirely legalized weed, such as California and Colorado, and virtually every state has some form of legal allocations for medical purposes, marijuana remains illegal at the federal level. Legislation has been proposed to federally decriminalize pot, however unitl such a bill passes, THC will remain a Schedule 1 drug. CBD, on the other hand, has already been essentially legalized, although some states still ban the cannabinoid or products that contain certain concentrations of it. 

Below is a list of the cannabis laws for all 50 states – including the District of Columbia – in the United States. 

State

Medical Marijuana

Recreational Marijuana

Alabama

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Alaska

Legal 

Legal 

Arizona

Legal

Illegal

Arkansas

Legal

Illegal

California

Legal

Legal

Colorado

Legal

Legal

Connecticut

Legal

Decriminalized

Delaware

Legal

Decriminalized

District of Columbia

Legal

Legal

Florida

Legal

Illegal

Georgia

Only CBD oil

Illegal, decriminalized in certain cities

Hawaii

Legal

Decriminalized

Idaho

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Illinois

Legal

Legal

Indiana

Only CBD

Ilegal

Iowa

Only cannabis oil with less than 3% THC

Illegal

Kansas

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Kentucky

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Louisiana

Legal

Illegal

Maine

Legal

Legal

Maryland

Legal

Decriminalized

Massachusetts

Legal

Legal

Michigan

Legal

Legal

Minnesota

Legal

Decriminalized

Mississippi

Only CBD

Decriminalized

Missouri

Legal

Decriminalized

Montana

Legal

Illegal

Nebraska

Decriminalized

Illegal

Nevada

Legal

Legal

New Hampshire

Legal

Decriminalized

New Jersey 

Legal

Decriminalized

New Mexico

Legal

Decriminalized

New York

Legal

Decriminalized

North Carolina

Only CBD oil

Decriminalized

North Dakota

Legal

Decriminalized

Ohio

Legal

Decriminalized

Oklahoma

Legal

Illegal

Oregon

Legal

Legal

Pennsylvania 

Legal

Illegal

Rhode Island

Legal

Decriminalized

South Carolina

Only cannabis oil with less than 0.9% THC

Illegal

South Dakota

Illegal

Illegal

Tennessee

Cannabis oil less than 0.9% THC

Illegal

Texas

CBD oil with less than 0.5% THC, less than 10% CBD

Illegal

Utah

Legal

Illegal

Vermont 

Legal

Legal

Virginia

Cannabis oil with less than 5% THC

Decriminalized

Washington

Legal

Legal

West Virginia

Legal

Illegal

Wisconsin 

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Wyoming

Only CBD oil

Illegal

Where is Marijuana Legal in the World?

Laws regarding cannabis vary widely between countries, and within states and territories of respective countries. In some cases, laws differ for locals and tourists. It’s always important to brush up on local laws before attempting to consume marijuana regardless of where you find yourself. Below is a chart listing the general legal status of both medical and recreational marijuana in 22 countries. 

State 

Medical Marijuana 

Recreational Marijuana

Argentina

Legal

Decriminalized

Australia

Legal

Decriminalized in certain states, legalized in others

Cambodia

Illegal

Illegal

Canada

Legal

Legal

Costa Rica

Illegal

Decriminalized

Croatia

Legal

Decriminalized

Czech Republic

Legal

Decriminalized up to 10 grams

Ecuador

Legal

Decriminalized

Estonia

Legal with permit

Decriminalized

Italy

Legal

Possession decriminalized

Jamaica

Legal

Legal for Rastafari, decriminalized up to certain amounts

Laos

Illegal

Illegal

Mexico

Illegal

Ilegal but laws unenforceable

The Netherlands

Legal

Possession up to 5 grams decriminalized

North Korea

Unknown

Unknown

Peru 

Legal

Decriminalized

Portugal

Legal

Decriminalized

Russia 

Illegal

Illegal

Spain 

Illegal

Illegal

Switzerland

Legal

Decriminalized

Ukraine

Illegal

Illegal

Uruguay

Legal

Legal

Conclusion

Marijuana remains illegal in many U.S. states and countries around the world. However, cannabis laws are trending more progressive, with decriminalization and even legalization on the horizon for many jurisdictions. In the meantime, always ensure you are abiding by relevant local laws when it comes to cannabis consumption.

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